For most of us, sugar is just the white, crystalline, granulated sweet product that we buy at the supermarket. This ‘table sugar’ is known technically as sucrose, which is processed cane or beet crops. But there are over 100 different types of real sugar known to scientists.
As well as table sugar, other well-known sources of sugars include honey, syrup and molasses. All of these types of sugars are high in calories. But not all sources of sugars have the same impact on the body. Carbohydrates, such as starches and fibers, are composed of sugars bound together in long chains. The chains of sugars in starch are broken down in the human digestive system and as a result, starch-rich foods like potatoes are high in calories. In contrast, the chains of sugars in fiber are not broken down in the human digestive system and, as a result, fibers are lower in calories.